The context of Impressionism
The Impressionist movement starts a little before the franco-prussian war in 1870-71 , but really takes-off after the war. In that period, the economy in France was florishing. New technological innovations and confidence in the future have given the name of "Belle Époque" to that period in France (or Beautiful Era).
The art is also taken in that modernity, and the classical art, with its century-long conventions and stringent rules is increasingly seen as outdated. The Impressionism actually builds its roots in an opposition to these rules. The Impressionism wasn’t the only artist movement to thrive in that era. Other artists belonging to different art movements also marked the end of the 19th century:
- Delacroix, Courbet, Van Gogh, Gaughin
- Baudelaire, Rimbaud
- And the early 20th century:
- Maurice Ravel